The Civil War

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Unit 4 Understanding Goals  

  • What caused the Civil War?
  • How can we write strong Document-Based Essays?
  • How and why did Lincoln's position on slavery, race, and emancipation change over time?
  • What military lessons can be learned from the fighting of the Civil War? 

General Resources

 

Lesson #1: Researching the Causes of the Civil War

UG: What caused the Civil War?

Materials:

Homework: Prepare for Causes of the Civil War Mini-Lessons

 

Lesson #2: Slavery (Two Days)

UG: What can quantitative and qualitative analyses tell us about the nature of slavery?

Vocabulary: quantitative research, Cliometrics, qualitative research, agency, resistance accomodation

Materials:

Homework: Prepare for Causes of the Civil War Mini-Lessons.

 

Lesson #3: Early Compromises 

UG: How effective were the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 in resolving conflicts over slavery's expansion into the western territories?

Vocabulary: Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, popular soveriegnty, Fugitive Slave Act, Underground Railroad

Materials:

Homework: Do Sectionalism Venn Diagram. Complete "What was the Civil War About?" Handout. Complete WPA Slave Narrative. Read text pp.394-395 and complete Varying Viewpoints Questions.

Lesson #4: Sectional Tensions Increase

UG: How did the publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Kansas-Nebraska Act increase tensions over slavery?

Vocabulary: Uncle Tom's Cabin, Stephen Douglas, The Kansas-Nebraska Act, "Bleeding Kansas"

Materials:

Homework: Do Sectionalism Venn Diagram. Complete "What was the Civil War About?" Handout. Complete WPA Slave Narrative. Read text pp.394-395 and complete Varying Viewpoints Questions.

 

Lesson #5: Consequences of Dred Scott v. Sanford

UG: How did radical abolitionists react to the Supreme Court's decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford?

Vocabulary: Dred Scott v. Sanford, John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

Materials:

Homework: Do Sectionalism Venn Diagram. Complete "What was the Civil War About?" Handout. Complete WPA Slave Narrative. Read text pp.394-395 and complete Varying Viewpoints Questions.

 

Lesson #6: The Last Straw

UG: Why did several states of the deep South secede after the 1860 presidential election?

Vobabulary: Election of 1860, Crittenden Compromise, sectionalism

Materials:

Homework: Write Causes of the Civil War DBQ

 

Lesson #7: The Meanings of the Civil War

UG: What meanings have Americans attributed to the Civil War?

Vocabulary: collective memory

Materials:

Homework: None.

 

Lesson #8: Resources and Strategies

UG: How successful were the Union and Confederacy in creating war strategies that took advantage of the relative strengths of each side?

Vocabulary: Fort Sumter, Anaconda Plan, War of Attrition

Materials:

Homework: Rd. text pp. 481-482, 485-488, 494-496 and complete the first page of the Civil War Battles Chart.

 

Lesson #9: African-Americans in the Civil War

UG: How did African-Americans experience the Civil War?

Vocabulary: contraband, Emancipation Proclamation

Materials:

Homework: None.


Lesson #10: The Battle of Gettysburg

UG: What military lessons can be learned from the Battle of Gettysburg?

Vocabulary: Battle of Gettysburg

Materials:

Homework: Finish Watching Video Clips OR read text pp.462-464 and complete the Gettysburg portion of the Civil War Battles Chart.  Read "The Gettysburg Address" and answer the corresponding questions.

 

Lesson #11: Sherman's March to the Sea

UG: How successful was General Sherman's tactic of using "total war" on the Confederacy?

Vocabulary: Sherman's March to the Sea, total war, scorched earth warfare

Materials:

Homework: Read text pp.474-479, 499-501 and complete the Home Fronts Guided Reading.

 

Lesson #12: Home Fronts

UG: How did civilians on the Union and Confederate Home Fronts experience the Civil War?

Vocabulary: Ex Parte Milligan, Ex Parte Merryman, Copperhead

Materials:

 

Lesson #13: War's End and Impact

UG: Why did the Confederacy lose the Civil War? Or, alternatively... Why did it take the Union so long to win?

Vocabulary: Appomattox

Materials:

Homework: Complete Civil War Study Guide

 

Lesson #14: Review

UG: Review Unit 4 skills and content.

Materials:

Homework: Study for Unit 4 Exam

 

Lesson #15: Unit 4 Exam

UG: To assess student mastery of Unit 4 skills and content.

Materials: None.

Homework: Read text pp.518-527 and complete the Reconstruction Venn Diagram.